Hence voting systems make use of Blockchain technology to add an extra layer of security and encourage people to vote from any time, anywhere without any hassle and makes voting process more cost-effective and time-saving. Many issues with electronic voting can be solved using blockchain technology, which makes electronic voting more cost-effective, pleasant, and safe than any other network. Over time, research has highlighted specific problems, such as the need for further work on blockchain-based DevOps Outsourcing Services electronic voting and that blockchain-based electronic voting schemes have significant technical challenges. Polys is a blockchain-based online voting platform and backed with transparent crypto algorithms. Polys supports the organization of polls by student councils, unions, and associations and helps them spread electoral information to the students . Online elections with Polys lead to productivity in a community, improve contact with group leaders, and attract new supporters .

These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. We also reference original research from other reputable publishers where appropriate. You can learn more about the standards we follow in producing accurate, unbiased content in oureditorial policy. Saheb T., Mamaghani F.H. Exploring the barriers and organizational values of blockchain adoption in the banking industry. Woda M., Huzaini Z. A Proposal to Use Elliptical Curves to Secure the Block in E-voting System Based on Blockchain Mechanism; Proceedings of the International Conference on Dependability and Complex Systems; Wrocław, Poland. Feng Q., He D., Zeadally S., Khan M.K., Kumar N. A survey on privacy protection in blockchain system.

But the lack of enough poll workers can give rise to prolonged wait times. The thought ofbitcoin as a way to change the way we vote was considered during the early days of the new technology. In 2012, computer scientists in Canada were looking to exploit the capabilities of Bitcoin as “a form of ‘carbon dating’ for digital information» and «something that would make electronic voting more secure.» Many in the blockchain world believe that blockchain technology can make voting more secure, easier, and allow for more people to perform their basic civic duty. Blockchain is the underlying technology used by Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. It is used as a public ledger, or record of activity, of all the economic transactions involving the currency.

what is blockchain voting

Businesses are key to the development and economic survival of a society, so getting the right people to lead these organizations is crucial. Put simply, citizens don’t think the current centralized system of voting can assure the credible election of candidates. The public needs to understand how a new system works, be able to observe it operating correctly, and trust that it will not cause an election to fail or be manipulated. Prudent introduction of new technologies in elections can take years, not months. Any legitimate revision of poll-level results would be traceable thanks to blockchain audit trails that track who made revisions, when they occurred, and for what reason, so they could be independently verified by monitors. Wang Y., Gou G., Liu C., Cui M., Li Z., Xiong G. Survey of security supervision on blockchain from the perspective of technology.

Proof of Existence on Blockchain – The Complete Guide

If the technology is used correctly, the blockchain is a digital, decentralized, encrypted, transparent ledger that can withstand manipulation and fraud. Because of the distributed structure of the blockchain, a Bitcoin electronic voting system reduces the risks involved with electronic voting and allows for a tamper-proof for the voting system. A blockchain-based electronic voting system requires a wholly distributed voting infrastructure.

  • So, let’s check out some of the blockchain voting example to see the real scenario.
  • Voatz’s technology has already been used by some absentee and overseas military personnel voters to cast their votes in West Virginia in 2018 and Colorado in 2019.
  • While not every election can use a public blockchain, permissioned systems can still provide the necessary openness.
  • In a decryption mix network, each mixing server has its key, and the voter encrypts their choice like an onion so that each server will unwrap its layer of decryption.

Since each holder holds their private keys, we can be sure that no one else conducted the transaction by proxy. The blockchain is a distributed, unalterable, and public ledger of transactions. Blockchain technology promotes anonymity, security, and immutability of data transactions. Because the transactions are public, the user’s identity may be discovered by examining and analyzing them.

#2 Dispel Voter Fraud Myths

However, in this situation, computing expenses are more significant and maybe prohibitive if the calculation function is complex and there are too many participants. Electoral integrity is essential not just for democratic nations but also for state voter’s trust and liability. From a government standpoint, electronic voting technologies can boost voter participation and confidence and rekindle interest in the voting system. As an effective means of making democratic decisions, elections have long been a social concern.

Voter identification and authorization has to be complete before there is any consideration of adding the voter’s ballot to the blockchain. The use of blockchains does nothing to ameliorate any of the following cybersecurity https://cryptominer.services/ problems inherent in all forms of Internet voting. During the 2016 presidential election, Votem was used to facilitate voter registration as well as absentee ballot requests and delivery in Montana and Washington, D.C.

All in all, it’s critical that people have trust in their voting system, whether manual, electronic or blockchain-based, and building trust can take time. Another company working on creating a platform that uses blockchain technology to replace or enhance the current voting methods used today isBitCongress, which released a White Paper on its approach. The company uses the blockchain technology with a token-based system to control the voting system, ensuring one person matches with one unchangeable vote. This token is called a VOTE, and by using the blockchain to record each vote permanently, it ensures that there can be no manipulation of those votes or voting twice. Blockchain is a niche technology, so public knowledge of its uses is limited.

Moreover, it may be necessary to allow the voter to re-vote, making the task even more complex . A brief overview of unreusability techniques will be provided below in conjunction with the outline on implementing privacy. On one side, governments tell their public they have the power to “run” the country, and on the other hand, they have to stand hours in line to get their leaders elected. What’s worse is even after doing all this struggle, most of the nations still have doubts about vote manipulations. Like Voatz, Agora’s system also allows you to vote from a digital device, although this did not feature in the Sierra Leone election. Obviously, having the option to vote from anywhere is an enormous help to people who struggle to get to polling centers, like those who work long or unsociable hours, or who have physical disabilities.

what is blockchain voting

There are 167 nations with democracy in 2018, out of approximately 200, which are either wholly flawed or hybrid . The secret voting model has been used to enhance trust in democratic systems since the beginning of the voting system. They offer one of the best and most comprehensive solutions for governments, councils, corporations, political parties, publishers, creditor voting, bargaining agreements, and a lot more.


Electronic voting based on blockchain will only work where the online voting system is fully controlled by no single body, not even the government . To sum-up, elections can only be free and fair when there is a broad belief in the legitimacy of the power held by those in positions of authority. The literature review for this field of study and other related experiments may be seen as a good path for making voting more efficient in terms of administration and participation.

When using our blockchain voting system, the voter would download and install the Follow My Vote voting booth on the personal device of their choice (i.e. desktop computer, laptop computer, smartphone, or tablet). From there, the voter would submit the appropriate identity information in order to have their identity verified by an Identity Verifier, which would be approved by the organization hosting the election ahead of time. Once their identity is verified, the voter would be able to request their ballot, at which point they are issued their correct ballot type by the Registrar. The voter would then complete their ballot and securely submit their vote to the blockchain-based ballot box. To obtain proof of casting their ballot, the voter would have the option to print out a receipt.

Potential Benefits of Blockchain Voting

Non-technical people are just putting their suggestions and demands based on how blockchain has proved itself in the financial sectors, cryptocurrencies, and digital banks. However, the industry has not yet evaluated and potentially mitigated the edge cases for bringing entire voting systems on blockchain technology. The US elections in 2016 and in 2020 should have shown that the demand for secure and not manipulatable voting processes has never been higher. In this article, we answer how this is achieved by using the advantages of blockchain technology. In a multi-owner blockchain, a critical fraction of the co-owning organizations must agree on what blocks or data are added to the blockchain. Such transactions could not be reversed because there is no central authority — no enforcement power except the agreement of the colluding co-owners.

Presumably there is no systemic problem with any number of write-in candidates for such balloting. This article contains links to third-party websites or other content for information purposes only (“Third-Party Sites”). CoinMarketCap is providing these links to you only as a convenience, and the inclusion of any link does not imply endorsement, approval or recommendation by CoinMarketCap of the site or any association with its operators. This article is intended to be used and must be used for informational purposes only.

With a webcam and valid voting ID, election participants can remotely cast a vote from any mobile device. The company’s software produces a unique ID for each voter that cannot be replicated. I think such a system has to have a reverse verification from vote to voter on the public ledger.

This could be done by checking the blockchain to see that all the votes have been correctly recorded and that the correct candidate has been chosen. This would be a quick and easy way to ensure the accuracy of the results. Rao further noted that one of the biggest advantages of blockchain voting is that it would help reduce the incidence of voter fraud. Furthermore, since solidity does not support elliptic curve cryptography, they used an external library to do the computation . After the library was added, the voting contract became too big to be stored on the blockchain. Since it has occurred throughout the history of the Bitcoin network, OVN is susceptible to a denial-of-service attack .

Then, there’s sparsely populated Greenland, where the vast distances make it difficult for people to vote in person. Marta Piekarska, senior DAO strategist at ConsenSys, recalls working at Hyperledger in 2016, where blockchain voting was discussed as a promising use case. “Six years later, and we are still talking about this,” she told Cointelegraph. “We are still quite far from a situation where any kind of distributed ledger would be considered” — at least in a national election.

One of the best perks about this venture is that it does not just reform the core voting practices. For instance, we have observed that in modern systems, the username and password are being replaced with other techniques because they do not only take more time but are less secure as well. Therefore, instead of having a digital voting system that takes passwords, FollowMyVote implements biometrics to ensure the probability of frauds is at its minimum.